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Trade defence | Brussels, 20 March 2013

Enlargement: Impact on Trade Defence

Subject to the ratification procedure, the Republic of Croatia will become 28th EU Member State as of 1 July 2013. As a result, the same legislation and measures will be automatically applied also in Croatia. Following the two last enlargements in 2004 and 2007, the EU now consists of 27 Member States which together constitute one single market with a Common Commercial Policy. This means that, like with all the other aspects of the EU Common Commercial Policy the EU trade defence law and measures are automatically applied in Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

The implications are many, and affect many operators in the 28 Member States as well as public administrations. To be noted that Croatia currently has no trade defence measures in place.

As of the enlargement:

  • Croatia cannot apply trade defence action on a national basis.
  • None of the 28 Members States can use trade defence instruments against each other. All trade defence measures that the EU has against imports from Croatia drop automatically.
  • The single set of laws and measures that are applicable in the 27 Member States became automatically applicable in Croatia, as well.
  • The need to engage in trade defence action is assessed by the Commission and the Council on the basis of the entire enlarged EU.

To inform all interested parties of its approach, the Commission will publish an information Notice in the Official Journal of the European Union regarding the application of anti-dumping, anti-subsidy and safeguard measures in force in the Union following enlargement and the possibility of review.

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