Your guide to the EU market's import rules and taxes
The European Union (EU) is the world's largest single market and the EU Trade Helpdesk is your one-stop-shop to access it. The EU is committed to helping exporters like you in its trade partner countries with the information you need to:
- Make the most of the trade agreements we have put in place;
- Bring your products onto the EU market.
The European market
Learn about basic rules, import procedures and documents required to access the European single market of 28 countries and over 500 million consumers...
Rules of Origin
Find out if your exports can benefit from one of many trade agreements the EU has signed with countries throughout the world.
Check how much of your product the EU has imported since 2002 and from where.
Whatever entry point into Europe you choose, the duties will be collected only once. Check whether you qualify for import duty relief or discount.
Goods imported into Europe need to fulfil technical, safety and labelling requirements and regulations as defined by EU laws. Find out more about them here.
Value Added Tax and excise duties vary in the 28 EU countries. Find out more and check specific tax levels.
So, how do I export to the EU?
Watch how to get the best access to the European Market with your product:
- Find the EU's import rules and regulations
- Import duties
- Documents to fill for customs
All in just a few minutes!
Can't find what you're looking for or got an unexpected result?
I can't wait to take my soya products to the EU market. The EU Trade Helpdesk provides me with needed information to do that."
February 4, 2019
Graduation of GSP countries
Four countries have graduated from the Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), as per EU Regulation 2018/148:
· Paraguay, a GSP+ beneficiary country, was classified by the World Bank as upper-middle income country in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Therefore, according to EU Regulation 978/2012, Paraguay no longer qualifies for GSP beneficiary country status.
· Ivory Coast, Ghana and Swaziland have signed a preferential market access agreement with the EU which grants them equal or better market access conditions than GSP. Therefore, they are no longer eligible for tariff preferences under GSP.
Changes in special regimes
Samoa, which no longer classifies as a least developed country according to the UN, no longer qualifies for tariff preferences under the Everything but Arms (“EBA”) scheme. As per EU Regulation 2015/1979, it now benefits from tariff preferences under the general GSP arrangement.
New "REX countries"
As of January 1, 2019, the following GSP countries are expected to apply REX:
Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cambodia, Haiti, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mongolia, Nigeria, Philippines, Samoa, Senegal, Tajikistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu and Vietnam.
You can check the effective date of application in each GSP country here.
These countries are joining those which started using REX in 2017 and 2018.February 4, 2019
The Union Customs Code has introduced the Registered Exporter System (REX). This system is based on the principle of self-certification. This means that any registered exporter can autonomously assess if they meet any preferential origin requirements. The REX system is applied in the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) of the EU and in the EU-Canada Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA).
REX is expected to progressively replace the currently applied system of certificates of origin such as EUR.1 and Form A. According to this system, an exporter needs to be approved by their national customs authority first before they can benefit from a trade agreement’s preferred status.December 20, 2018