Traceability

As a food business operator – including final importer – you must be able to trace and identify where your products came from and where they are going, to rapidly provide this information to health and safety authorities if required.


Contaminants

Specific limits exist for Ochratoxin A depending on whether the coffee is roasted or soluble.


Pesticide residue

For the exact amount of allowable residue for each pesticide, see the EU pesticide database.

Example: 1 kg of coffee beans may not contain more than 1 mg of Carbofuran.


Labelling

Labels must be, visible, legible, indelible, and clearly worded in a language easily understood by consumers.

Usually this means in the official language(s) of the European country where the product is marketed.

You may use foreign terms or expressions if they will be easily understood by consumers.

Packages (or labels attached to pre-packaged coffee) must display:

  • NAME UNDER WHICH THE PRODUCT IS SOLD. Unless specific EU or national provisions apply, the name should be a customary name or a description. A trademark, brand name or fancy name may be used in addition to the generic name. You must also include the coffee's physical condition or specific treatment undergone (roasted, soluble, etc), if its omission could be misleading for consumers.
  • LIST OF INGREDIENTS, INCLUDING ADDITIVES. Exception: foods consisting of a single ingredient, where the name of the food is identical to the name of the ingredient or enables the nature of the ingredient to be clearly identified. You must always indicate any substances that might cause allergic reactions.
  • NET QUANTITY MINIMUM DURABILITY DATE. Format: "best before DD/MM/YYYY"
  • SPECIAL CONDITIONS FOR STORAGE OR USE NAME OR BUSINESS NAME AND ADDRESS of the manufacturer, packager, or seller established in the EU.
  • PLACE OF ORIGIN OR PROVENANCE, where its omission could be misleading for consumers.
  • LOT MARKING on pre-packaged foodstuffs. Format: "L..."

Coffee extract, soluble or instant coffee – specific labelling requirements

Markings such as `Coffee extract©, `soluble coffee extract©, `soluble coffee© or `instant coffee© mean that the package contains concentrated product obtained by extraction from roasted coffee beans using only water as the medium of extraction and excluding any process of hydrolysis involving the addition of an acid or a base.

Coffee extract must contain only the soluble and romatic constituents of coffee – apart from insoluble substances technically impossible to remove, and insoluble oils derived from coffee.

The term "concentrated" may only appear on the label if the coffee-based drymatter content is more than 25% by weight.

The term "decaffeinated" must appear if the anhydrous caffeine content does not exceed 0.3% by weight of the coffee-based dry matter.

This information must be within the same field of vision as the sales description.

The above requirements do not apply to café torrefacto soluble.


Coffee extract – solid or paste

To be considered "coffee", dry matter content must not be less than 95% by weight (dried coffee extract) or 70% to 85% by weight (coffee extract paste).

Must not contain substances other than those derived from the extraction of coffee.

Label must indicate minimum coffeebased, drymatter content (% by weight of the finished product).


Coffee extract – liquid

Dry matter content must be between 15% and 55 % by weight. If containing sugars (roasted or not), the proportion must not exceed 12% by weight. Label must include the terms `with', `preserved with', `with added' or `roasted with' followed by the name(s) of the types of sugar(s) used.