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More information on specific GSP arrangements
- Annex II outlines the list of Standard GSP countries
- Article 7 gives detailed rules on preference rates
- Article 8 explains the graduation mechanism
- Article 19 outlines the circumstances where GSP preferences can be withdrawn
Standard GSP reduces EU import duties for about 66% of all product tariff lines.
Any developing country will benefit from Standard GSP unless:
- it has another type of special trade access to the EU granting the same tariff preferences as the scheme, or better, for substantially all trade
- it has achieved a high- or upper-middle income economy status during three consecutive years according to the World Bank classification
Countries do not need to apply to benefit from Standard GSP; the EU adds them to or removes them from the relevant list through a delegated regulation.
The EU can withdraw Standard GSP in exceptional circumstances, notably serious and systematic violation of fundamental human rights and labour rights conventions.
Some developing countries export highly competitive products, which do not need preferences to successfully access world markets.
In that case GSP is withdrawn from these product sectors through a graduation mechanism:
- When the average value of imports from a GSP beneficiary country (divided by the total value of all GSP imports for that Section) over 3 years exceeds the general threshold of 57%.
- For vegetable products, animal or vegetable oils, fats and waxes and mineral products graduation applies when the percentage share referred to exceeds 17.5%.
- For textiles graduation applies when the percentage share referred to exceeds 47.2%.
The EU reviews the list of graduated products every three years through an implementing regulation and on the basis of objective criteria.
The current list of graduated products.
The amount of tariff reduction under the Standard GSP depends on several factors, for example, whether the product is considered sensitive, or ad valorem duties.
The Trade Helpdesk summarises all information on tariffs for specific product lines.
The Standard GSP as established by the current Regulation (978/2012) is valid until 2023.