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Questionnaire on a trade pillar of the EU-MERCOSUR Association agreement

  • Policy field: Trade
  • Target group: All industry stakeholders
  • Closing Date: Completed - 03/10/2016

Objective of the consultation

This questionnaire consists of technical questions (e.g. on trade flows and opportunities, customs procedures, rules of origin, standards and technical regulations, trade defense, intellectual property rights etc.) and is targeting EU business (companies/business organisations) to comment on practical experience doing business in Mercosur countries.

Mercosur was established in 1991 and comprises Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela, which officially joined in July 2012. The Protocol of Accession of Bolivia to Mercosur was signed in 2012 and is pending ratification by all Mercosur countries.

Only the four founder Members (Mercosur4) participate in the negotiation with the EU. The trade pillar includes market access and improved rules for industrial and agricultural goods, services and establishment, and government procurement; as well as rules on intellectual property, competition, customs and trade facilitation, technical barriers to trade (TBTs), sanitary and phytosanitary issues (SPS), rules of origin, trade defence instruments, energy and raw materials and provisions on SMEs. There will also be provisions on trade and sustainable development.

In 2000, the EU and Mercosur opened negotiations for an Association Agreement including three pillars: political dialogue, cooperation and trade. Negotiations were suspended in 2004, but re-launched in 2010. Several negotiation rounds (the last in October 2012) took place. After a first exchange of offers in 2004, a second exchange of market access offers covering goods, services and establishment, and government procurement was on 11 May 2016.

The Mercosur4 countries together represent a market of 250 million consumers and the 6th largest economy in the world, with a combined GDP of €2.4 trillion in 2015. The Mercosur region remains a protected market with high tariff and non-tariff barriers to imports. In 2015, Mercosur was the 10th largest export market for EU goods. The EU's exports to the region have steadily increased over the last years from €28 billion in 2007 to €46 billion in 2015. More than 5% of European Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is located in Mercosur reaching €415 billion in 2012 compared to €130 billion in 2000.

DG Trade has prepared a questionnaire to give stakeholders and interested parties the opportunity to provide information on trade matters for the negotiation of a trade agreement between the EU and the Mercosur. Your replies will be important in establishing priorities and taking decisions throughout the negotiating process. The questionnaire is divided into the following sections:

I. Trade in Goods
II. Trade in Services and Investment
III. Rules
IV. Other issues

In addition, where possible, we would appreciate receiving as specific information as possible (substantiated where possible by economic indicators and/or data) of respondents' interests, prioritization within sectors, and any proposals for solution, where problems have been identified.

The Commission, subject to the application of the EU's rules on access to documents (Regulation No 1049/2001), will treat the information that you provide as confidential. EU rules on access to documents allow the Commission to withhold access to a document where disclosure would undermine the commercial interests of a natural or legal person or harm the EU's relations with third countries, unless there is an overriding public interest in disclosure.

The Commission would welcome your input and comments on these questionnaires by 3 October 2016. For any question please send an e-mail to:


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