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Enforcement and protection | Brussels, 18 February 2021. Last updated on 24 March 2021.

Towards an EU anti-coercion instrument

In recent years, there has been an increase in the practices of non-EU countries seeking to unduly interfere in the EU’s and/or its Member States’ policy choices. Such coercive practices, including the threat of coercion, may take the form of existing legislation or unwritten measures and may affect any policy field. They unduly interfere with a country’s sovereignity and undermine the freedom to regulate by taking (or not taking) particular policy measures.

The European Commission is now developing a proposal for an instrument to dissuade or offset such undue tactics in line with public international law. The instrument would empower the Commission, in specific situations of coercion, to take trade, investment or other restrictive measures towards the non-EU country exerting the pressure.

For more information

  • Find out more about the potential legislative proposal and how to have your say here.
  • Find out about the consultation strategy here.
  • Take part in a (virtual) stakeholder meeting on 16 April 2021 to accompany the launch of the public consultation on an Anti-Coercion Instrument. Registration dealine: 12 April.
  • A video recording of the stakeholder meeting above is avaiable on request from
  • Frequently asked questions on the launch of the public consultation regarding the EU's anti-coercion instrument.
  • Strengthening the EU’s autonomy – Commission seeks input on a new anti-coercion instrument (press release; 23 March 2021)