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- Direct transport
- Duty drawback
- Vessels conditions
- Product specific rules of origin
- Proofs of Origin
Legal text of the rules of origin applicable to Mexico
Following the EU-Mexico Global agreement, both parties agreed on a free trade agreement covering goods (2000) and services (2001) during the EU-Mexico Joint Council. This FTA grants reciprocal trade preferences and includes specific chapters on access to public procurement markets, competition, intellectual property rights and investment. Discussions are under way to further liberalise trade in agricultural goods, services and investment.
Tolerance is fixed at 10% of the ex-work price of the product for all products, except for textile and clothing, for which specific tolerance will apply (cf. Annex 1)
See also: General rule of Tolerance or De Minimis
See also: General rule of Cumulation
Evidence of the direct transport will have to be brought to the customs authorities of the importing country
See also: General rule of Direct transport or Non-Manipulation
Duty drawback is prohibited
See also: General rule of Duty drawback
EU rules of origin make a distinction between fish captured within the territorial seas of the beneficiary/partner country and fish captured beyond. In the first case, the product will be considered as originating without additional conditions. In the second, the product will be considered as originating only if it was captured by vessels:
- which are registered or recorded in Mexico or in a Member State of the Community;
- which sail under the flag of Mexico or of a Member State of the Community;
- which are owned to an extent of at least 50 % by nationals of a Member States of the Community or of Mexico, or by a company with its head office in one of the Member States of the Community or Mexico, of which the manager or managers, chairman of the board of directors or the supervisory board, and the majority of the members of such boards are nationals of Member States of the Community or of Mexico and of which, in addition, in the case of partnerships or limited companies, at least half the capital belongs to those States or Mexico or to public bodies or nationals of the Member States of the Community or of Mexico;
- of which the master and officers are nationals of Member States of the Community or of Mexico;
- of which at least 75 % of the crew are nationals of Member States of the Community or of Mexico.
Rules applicable to specific products can be found in the Annex II Nevertheless, the agreement also includes alternative rules for some products, which are more relaxed. They can be found in the Annex II(a) of the same Decision. In addition, some relaxations have been included later (see details)
Under the rules of origin applicable to Mexico (see Annex III to the Association Agreement), in order to benefit from the preferential duty rates, products originating in Mexico must be accompanied by either:
- a movement certificate EUR.1 - issued by the 'Secretaria Economia' of the Mexican Ministry of Economy. The exporter applying for the certificate should be prepared to submit documents proving the originating status of the products concerned.
Specifically for Mexico, the 4-digit tariff classification of the exported goods must be indicated in box 8 of the movement certificate EUR. 1.
- an invoicedeclaration by the exporter
For consignments of products originating in Mexico valued €6 000 or less, any exporter can fill out a declaration. Approved exporters can do so for consignments of any value.
When filling in an invoice declaration, you should be prepared to submit documents proving the originating status of your products.
To make an invoice declaration, you should type, stamp or print the following declaration (in the appropriate language) on the invoice, delivery note or other commercial document:
The exporter of the products covered by this document (customs authorisation No ... ) declares that, except where otherwise clearly indicated, these products are of ... preferential origin
You can find the different language versions, together with explanatory notes, in the second page of the invoice declaration. Check with your customs authorities for any extra requirements they might have.
You must sign your invoice declaration by hand.
If you are an approved exporter, you are exempt from this requirement provided you give your customs authorities a written undertaking that you accept full responsibility for any declaration identifying you.
To become an approved exporter, you must be able to satisfy the competent customs authorities ('Secretaria Economia' of the Ministry of Economy on the Mexican side) of the originating status of your products, as well as any other requirements they may impose.
The competent authorities can withdraw your approved status if you abuse it in any way. To find out more about the procedures, contact the competent customs authorities ('Secretaria Economia' of the Ministry of Economy on the Mexican side).
Proof of origin remains valid for 10 months
For more details on general provisions and on how to make out proofs of origin, please consult