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- Direct transport
- Duty drawback
- Vessels conditions
- Product specific rules of origin
- Proofs of Origin
Legal text of the rules of origin applicable to Moldova (Articles 97x-123)
Moldova benefits from autonomous trade preferences granting unlimited duty-free access to the EU market for all its originating products, except certain agricultural products (until the end of 2015).
In addition to the autonomous trade preferences a deep and comprehensive free trade area was established by the EU and Moldova as from 1 September 2014. Moldovan traders may choose the preference regime for their exports to the EU until the end of 2015.
Moldova is also a partner country of the Eastern Partnership within the European Neighbourhood Policy. In 2014, the EU and Moldova agreed on the priorities for reform in the country (see Association Agenda). The set priorities are based on the newly established Association Agreement.
Tolerance is fixed at 10% of the ex-work price of the product for all products, except for textile and clothing, for which specific tolerances will apply.
See also: General rule of Tolerance or De Minimis
See also: General rule of Cumulation
Evidence of the direct transport will have to be brought to the customs authorities of the importing country
See also: General rule of Direct transport or Non-Manipulation
Duty drawback is not authorized
See also: General rule of Duty drawback
The EU rules of origin make a distinction between fish captured within the territorial seas of the partner country and fish captured beyond. In the first case, the product will be considered as originating without additional conditions. In the second, the product will be considered as originating only if it was captured by vessels:
- which are registered or recorded in Moldova or in a Member State,
- which sail under the flag of Moldova or of a Member State,
- which are owned to the extent of at least 50 % by nationals of Moldova or of Member States or by a company with its head office in that republic or in one of the Member States, of which the manager or managers, Chairman of the Board of Directors or of the Supervisory Board, and the majority of the members of such boards are nationals of Moldova or of the Member States and of which, in addition, in the case of companies, at least half the capital belongs to Moldova or to the Member States or to public bodies or nationals of Moldova or of the Member States,
- of which the master and officers are nationals of Moldova or of the Member States, and
- of which at least 75 % of the crew are nationals of the Moldova or of the Member States.
List of processing which should be carried out on non-originating materials to gain the originating status is included in Annex II of the Protocol on origin.
Under the rules of origin applicable to Moldova in order to benefit from the preferential duty rates, products originating in Moldova must be accompanied by either:
- a movement certificate EUR.1 (specimen in Annex III to the Protocol on Origin, page 728) - issued by the Moldovan customs authorities. The exporter applying for the certificate should be prepared to submit documents proving the originating status of the products concerned.
- an invoice declaration by the exporter (specimen in Annex IV to the Protocol on Origin, page 733)
For consignments of products originating in Moldova valued €6 000 or less, any exporter can fill out a declaration.
When filling in an invoice declaration, you should be prepared to submit documents proving the originating status of your products.
To make an invoice declaration, you should type, stamp or print the following declaration (in the appropriate language) on the invoice, delivery note or other commercial document:
The exporter of the products covered by this document (customs authorisation No ... ) declares that, except where otherwise clearly indicated, these products are of ... preferential origin
You can find the different language versions, together with explanatory notes, (Annex IV to the Protocol on Origin). Check with your customs authorities for any extra requirements they might have.
You must sign your invoice declaration by hand.
Proof of origin remains valid for 4 months