Glossary search results for "S" (9)
List of terms in glossary:
Safeguard measures can be taken when an industry is affected by an unforeseen, sharp and sudden increase of imports of a given product and producers cannot reasonably be expected to adapt immediately to the changed trade situation. It differs from the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy instruments in that it does not deal with unfairly traded imports, thus applying to all countries exporting the product.
Rules, measures and regulations designed to protect human, animal and plant life and health, from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease-causing organisms. They ensure food is safe for consumption.
Administrative document used in the EU for trade with non-EU countries and for the movement of non-EU goods within the EU. The SAD ensures openness in national administrative requirements, rationalises and reduces paperwork, minimises the amount of information asked for, standardises and harmonises data.
Southern African Development Community
Tariff levied on imports, defined in terms of a specific amount per unit, such as cents per kilogram. By contrast, an ad valorem duty is a charge levied on imports defined in terms of a fixed percentage of value.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa's 54 countries as "sub-Saharan", excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia.
Subsidies are when a government provides unfair financial assistance to its companies to produce or export goods at artificially low prices. The subsidies must be specific i.e. given to a particular company, group of companies, sector or region.
Refers to products that have been produced by using non-originating materials or were partially processed abroad. Rules of origin included in preferential trade arrangements contain a list which establishes, for each product, the required processing operations to be carried out in the partner country in order for the product to be considered as originating.
In an export-import context, the number of units in a consignment. The measurement used depends in the type of goods.