Switzerland's economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed by a series of bilateral agreements where Switzerland has agreed to take over certain aspects of EU legislation in exchange for accessing part of the EU's single market.
The cornerstone of EU-Swiss relations is the Free Trade Agreement of 1972.
In 1999 seven sectoral agreements were signed, known as ‘Bilaterals I’.
- free movement of persons
- technical trade barriers
- public procurement
- air and land transport
A further set of sectoral agreements signed in 2004 (‘Bilaterals II’) covers
- processed agricultural products
- combating fraud.
There are more than 100 bilateral agreements between the EU and Switzerland, managed by over 20 joint committees. The agreements oblige Switzerland to take over relevant EU legislation in the sectors covered.
In return for its partial integration in the EU's single market, Switzerland pays a financial contribution to economic and social cohesion in the EU Member States that joined after 2004.
EU-Swiss trade-related agreements
- Free Trade agreement
- Mutual Recognition in relation to conformity assessment
- Protocol on Processed Agricultural products
- Trade in agricultural products
- Agreement on government procurement
- Agreement on the free movement of persons
The rules of origin are governed by the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean Convention.
The EU is Switzerland's main trading partner, and Switzerland is the EU's fourth largest trading partner.
More on the EU-Switzerland trade relations.