List of terms in glossary:
Criteria for establishing origin. A good is considered sufficiently transformed in the EU or partner country when its tariff classification changes compared to the tariff classification of the non-originating materials used in the product.
A product complies with the rule when the non-originating materials used in its production are classified in a different HS heading than the one of the product.
Further information can be found in the introductory notes in the chapter on rules of origin of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement.
Seats HS heading 94.01
In some EU preferential trade arrangements, the rule for the seats (HS heading 94.01) requires:
“Manufacture [production] from [non-originating] materials of any heading, except that of the product (CTH)”
The manufacturer of the seats uses the following non-originating materials imported into the EU from outside the EU and the FTA partner country
- sawn wood (HS heading 44.07)
- fabrics (HS heading 52.08)
- foam/porolone (HS heading 39.03)
All non-originating materials used in the production are classified in tariff headings different from the tariff heading of the seats. Therefore, the product (seats) complies with the rule of origin.
A product complies with the rule when the non-originating materials used in its production are classified in a different HS subheading than the one of the product.
Roasted coffee (HS subheading 0901.21)
In some EU preferential trade arrangements, the rule for roasted coffee (HS subheading 0901.21) requires:
"Manufacture [production] from [non-originating] materials of any subheading, except that of the product (CTSH)"
The manufacturer of roasted coffee uses the following non-originating materials imported from outside the EU and the partner country
- coffee, not roasted (HS subheading 0901.11)
All non-originating materials used in the production are classified under a tariff subheading different from the tariff subheading of the roasted coffee. Therefore, the product (roasted coffee) complies with the rule of origin.
Refers to the structure of the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System, know as the Harmonised System (HS). A chapter is a 2-digit number; a heading is a 4-digit number; a subheading is a 6-digit number. For example: Chapter 10: cereals; heading 10.06: rice; subheading 1006.30: semi-milled or wholly milled rice, whether or not polished or glazed.
Person who manages transport of freight by land, air or sea.
The Codex Alimentarius, or "Food Code" is a collection of standards, guidelines and codes of practice adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), relating to foods, food production and food safety. It aims to protect consumer health and promote fair practices in food trade. CAC is established by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) of the United Nations.
The list of traded goods, based on the harmonised system, which makes it possible to apply the Common Customs Tariff and other EU policies, as well as to compile statistics on foreign trade.
Eurostat (EU statistical office) reference database on trade of goods. COMEXT contains all statistics on trade in goods inside the EU between its member countries, and between the EU and its trading partners worldwide.
Designates all EU rules that establish import and export duties and exemptions for specific goods, including agricultural, anti-dumping and preferential duties, tariff quotas and tariff suspensions.
Customs procedure that allows goods to be moved from one point in the EU to another.