List of terms in glossary:
Rules of origin applied in a preferential trade arrangement.
In the framework of a trade agreement, the predetermined maxim volume of goods originating in a specified country/territory that can benefit at import from favourable rates of duty.
Requires that the working or processing must be carried out on the territory of the parties. Modern manufacturing processes mean it is not always possible to meet this requirement. It may be necessary to do some processing in a country not party to the preferential arrangement. Some arrangements allow such external working or processing, provided that it conforms to certain specified conditions. Failure to comply with the specified conditions will result in the returning product being treated as non-originating.
Origin criteria in the product specific rules. A product is considered originating if it underwent certain processing operations specified in the product specific rules.
Article 3.2 of the EU- Japan Economic Partnership Agreement
Products that have been produced exclusively from originating materials (i.e. materials that have already obtained their originating status because they are wholly obtained or fulfilled product specific rules or through cumulation) will always be considered as originating products.
List of working or processing operations which must be done on non-originating materials in order for the product to obtain originating status (and therefore benefit from the preferential tariff treatment provided under that preferential trade arrangement). These rules are part of the Protocol/Chapter on rules of origin in each preferential trade arrangement.
Document declaring that the goods fulfill the rules of origin laid down in a certain preferential trade arrangement, thus supporting the claim for preferential treatment under that preferential trade arrangement. There are different types of proof of origin, depending on the preferential trade arrangement such as a certificate of origin issued by the customs administration or public authority or a statement on origin / an invoice declaration / an origin declaration made out by an exporter.
Specific numerical limits on the quantity or value of goods that can be imported (or exported) during a specific period.
The quantity of goods of a specific kind that may be imported into a country without restriction or imposition of additional duties.
Form of diagonal cumulation, which exists only under the generalised system of preferences (GSP) and operates between members of a regional group of beneficiary countries (e.g. ASEAN).