EU-Canada Comprehensive and Economic Trade Agreement

CETA is a trade agreement between the EU and Canada. It cuts tariffs and makes it easier to export goods and services, benefitting people and businesses in both the EU and Canada.

CETA entered into force provisionally on 21 September 2017, meaning most of the agreement now applies. National parliaments in EU countries – and in some cases regional ones too – will then need to approve CETA before it can take full effect.

Invitation to participate in the surveys on the CETA ex-post evaluation.

We invite Civil Society, NGOs, Business, SME and anyone else who wishes to do so to share with us their experiences on the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

Please participate in one or more of the following surveys:

More information on the ex-post evaluation on CETA and how to engage can be found in the Ex-post evaluation of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada website.

The agreement at a glance

The EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) entered into force provisionally on 21 September 2017.

The areas that have not yet entered into force are

  • investment protection and the investment court system (ICS)
  • portfolio investment market access
  • provisions on camcording
  • two provisions related to the transparency of administrative proceedings, review and appeal at Member State level

The agreement will take full effect once all Member States’ parliaments have formally ratified it.

What are the benefits for your business?

The agreement

  • eliminates or lowers trade barriers, tariffs and export related costs
  • simplifies paper work, technical regulations, customs procedures and rules of origin requirements, product testing requirements, procurement information, intellectual property issues, etc.
  • boosts trade in food, animal and plant products while maintaining high levels of human, animal and plant health and safety
  • allows your company to bid for tenders at all levels of Canadian government
  • creates additional market access in certain sectors, offering better mobility for employees and facilitating mutual recognition of qualifications for professionals
  • protects a large variety of geographical indications for high-quality European food products on the Canadian market
  • promotes high-quality investment between the EU and Canada

Areas covered include market access rules for goods, technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, investment, services, electronic commerce, competition policy, government procurement, intellectual property, regulatory cooperation or dispute settlement. The Annexes include tariff elimination schedules, quotas, procedures, rules of origin, mutual acceptance of conformity assessments etc.


The chapters of the agreement are briefly explained here and the related text can be downloaded.


On 21 September 2017, Canada and the EU already abolished 98% of their tariff lines and agreed to gradually eliminate almost all remaining tariff lines. By 2024, 99% of all tariff lines will have been abolished.

Canadian products subject to a transitional phase-out of the tariffs include

  • motor vehicles
  • ships
  • barley and malt
  • refined sugar
  • potato starch
  • flowers

European products subject to a transitional phase-out of the tariffs include

  • motor vehicles
  • some fish and seafood products
  • raw and refined sugar
  • certain grains

The gradual elimination of tariffs follows a tariff dismantling schedule. The reductions are  expressed in staging Categories in Annex 2A of the agreement.

  • A: duty at zero on 21 September 2017
  • B: duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 3 years
  • C: duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 5 years
  • D: duty to be reduced to zero in equal cuts over 7 years
  • E: duty is exempt from tariff elimination
  • S: duty remains the same for 5 years after which they shall be removed in three equal stages on January 1 of year 8
  • AV0 + EP: the ad valorem duty equal zero at entry into force; the specific duty resulting from the entry price system applicable for these originating goods shall be maintained.


My Trade Assistant displays the tariff dismantling schedules for the relevant tariff lines.

Industrial goods

Both sides have agreed to eliminate 100% of tariff lines for industrial products, of which of which 99.6% upon entry into force in the case of Canada and 99.4% upon entry into force in the case of the EU. Amongst the few products not liberalised at entry into force are a limited number of automotive products, which will be liberalised on a reciprocal basis over 3, 5 or 7 years (17 products in the Canadian tariff offer and the corresponding products in the EU offer). Canada will liberalise its remaining tariffs on ships over 7 years (i.e. by 2024).

Agricultural goods

On the entry into force, Canada eliminated duties for 90.9% of all its agricultural tariff lines. By 2023, this will increase to 91.7%.

For sensitive agricultural products, there will be a special treatment:

Tariff rate quotas

Both sides apply tariff rate quotas (TRQs) on certain products including Canadian beef, pork and sweetcorn as well as European cheese. These are specific volumes of goods, which will be entitled to preferential tariff treatment in a given timeframe.

Importing from Canada

Tariff quota allocations are calculated based on the quantities available within the tariff quota and the quantity applied for, as notified to the EU Commission by national authorities.

Once the allocations are calculated by the EU Commission and made public, EU member countries must issue import or export licences for the quantities applied for within the respective tariff quotas.

The basic rules for simultaneous examination are defined in the Commission Regulation 1301/2006 laying down common rules for the administration of import tariff quotas for agricultural products managed by a system of import licences.

The allocation rates of the EU TRQs, in terms of import licences issued, are published every month and are accessible through the Meat Market Observatory.

The following regulations define how the EU manages its different TRQs for CETA

Exporting to Canada
  • Canada applies an annual model for allocation of dairy products quotas
  • the application for quotas takes place in the first half of November and return and redistribution of unused quotas take place on 1 August
  • to be eligible to receive a quota you need to be a Canadian resident and to be active in the cheese sector

More information on the allocation of the TRQs for dairy products exported from the EU to Canada under CETA can be found under “Notices” on Global Affairs Canada website

The Notices to Importers set out the eligibility criteria to obtain an allocation under each respective TRQ. The Notices also provide information on the administration of TRQs in general and on the process for submitting an application. Application forms and related appendices are attached to each Notice.

2020 CETA Cheese Holders List

2020 CETA Industrial Cheese Quota Holders List

2019 – Table of Utilization of the CETA Tariff Quota for Cheese

Furthermore, note that

  • fruit and vegetables remain subject to the EU’s entry-price system
  • tariffs will be maintained on poultry and eggs

Wines and spirits

Specific tariffs on EU wines and spirits entering Canada were eliminated at entry into force of CETA.

For spirits such as gin, vodka and whisky, CETA addresses non-tariff barriers that significantly hampered the EU’s capacity to penetrate the Canadian market, notably by

  • applying the cost-of-service-differential fee (imposed by Canada on imported wines and spirits) based on volume and not value, and calculating it in a more transparent manner, lowering the cost for EU producers to sell their products in Canada
  • freezing the number of Canadian off-site private outlets, which are only open to Canadian producers, and which are an alternative to the monopoly of the provincial liquor boards
  • preventing out-of-province activities of certain liquor boards, which have led to unfair competition on Canadian territory and in third countries
  • abolishing Canadian requirements to blend imported bulk spirits with local spirits before bottling (this requirement prevented imported bulk spirits from being labelled as geographical indications upon bottling in Canada)

CETA includes both the 1989 EU-Canada Agreement on Alcoholic Beverages and the 2004 EU-Canada Wines and Spirits Agreement, offering strong legal guarantees for European and Canadian wine and spirit traders. Minor amendments to the 2004 Agreement are set out in Annex 30-B of CETA


Canada fully eliminated all tariffs on fisheries products at the entry into force.

The EU eliminated 95.5% of its tariffs upon entry into force and agreed to further eliminate the remaining 4.5% of the tariffs within 3, 5 or 7 years.

In parallel to lifting customs duties, the EU and Canada will develop sustainable fisheries by using monitoring, control and surveillance measures, as well as by fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.


Find the applicable tariff rate for your product in My Trade Assistant.

Rules of origin


In order to qualify for preferential treatment, your product will need to satisfy the rules of origin under the agreement. Please check the interactive “Rules of Origin Self Assessment tool (ROSA) in My Trade Assistant to assess whether your product fulfils the rules of origin and find out how to prepare the correct documents.

General information about the rules of origin and the origin procedures can be found in this section.

Origin is the 'economic nationality' of traded goods. If you are new to the topic, find an introduction to the main concepts in the goods section.

Rules of origin

The rules of origin are set out in Protocol on rules of origin and origin procedures of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) (OJ L 11, 14.01.2017, p. 465). Please consult also the detailed guidelines on rules of origin.

Is my product 'originating' according to the EU-Canada CETA?

For your product to qualify for the lower or zero preferential tariff under CETA, your product must originate in the EU or Canada.

A product 'originates' in the EU or in Canada, if it fulfils one of the following requirements

  • is wholly obtained in the EU or Canada
  • is produced exclusively from materials originating in the EU or Canada
  • has undergone sufficient production in the EU or Canada in compliance with the product specific rules set out in Annex 5

See also Introductory notes to Annex 5.

Furthermore, Annex 5a provides for origin quotas and alternative product specific rules for certain products.


Examples of product-specific rules in EU trade agreements

  • the value-added rule – the value of all of the non-originating materials used cannot exceed a certain percentage of the ex-works price of the product
  • the change of tariff classification – the production process results in a change of tariff classification between the non-originating materials and the final product (for instance production of paper (Harmonised System Chapter 48) from non-originating pulp (Harmonised System Chapter 47)
  • specific operations – a specific production process is required, for example spinning of fibres for yarns. Such rules are mostly used in the textile and clothing, and chemical sectors

A combination of these different rules is possible with the different rules being fulfilled alternatively or in combination.

Tips and tricks to help comply with the product specific rules

The agreement provides additional flexibility to help you comply with the product specific rules, such as tolerances or cumulation.

  • the tolerance rule allows the producer to use non-originating materials that are normally prohibited by the product specific rule up to 10% of the product's ex-works price
  • this tolerance cannot be used to exceed any maximum-value threshold of non-originating materials listed in the product-specific rules
  • specific tolerances apply to textiles and clothing classified in HS Chapters 50 to 63, which are included in Annex 1

CETA provides for three ways of cumulating origin

  • bilateral cumulation - materials originating in Canada can be counted as originating in the EU (and vice versa) when used in the production of a product
  • full cumulation - allows account to be taken of the working or processing carried out on non-originating materials in the EU or Canada to help comply with the product specific rule
  • enabling clause for extended cumulation - materials originating in a common partner of a free trade agreement can be counted as originating in the EU or in Canada when used in the manufacturing of a product. This provision is conditional upon agreement by the Parties on the applicable conditions

Other requirements

Your product also needs to fulfil all other applicable requirements specified in the Protocol on rules of origin, such as insufficient working or processing, or the non-alteration rule.

Non-alteration rule

Originating products must be transported from the EU to Canada (and vice-versa) without being further processed in a third country.

Some operations can be conducted in a third country if the products remain under customs supervision

  • unloading
  • reloading
  • any other operation necessary to preserve products in good condition or to transport the product to the territory of the EU or Canada
  • storage
  • splitting consignments

The customs authority may require an importer to demonstrate that a product for which the importer claims preferential tariff treatment was shipped in compliance with the transport rules.

Duty drawback

Refunding of duties previously paid on non-originating materials used to produce a product that is exported under a preferential tariff is allowed only in the first 3 years after the entry into force of CETA, i.e. until 21 September 2020.

Origin procedures

If you want to claim a preferential tariff, you will have to follow the origin procedures and have your claim verified by the customs authorities of the country into which you are importing your goods. The procedures are set out in Section C of the Protocol on rules of origin of the agreement.

How to claim preferential tariff treatment?

Importers can claim preferential tariff treatment based on an origin declaration provided by the exporter.

Origin declaration

In the EU, no proof of origin is required when the total value of the products does not exceed

  • €500 in the case of small packages or
  • €1,200 in the case of products forming part of travellers' personal luggage.
Self-declaration by the exporter

Exporters can self-declare that their product originates in the EU or Canada by providing an origin declaration.

In the EU it can be completed either

The same REX number can be also used for some other EU preferential trade agreements (for example the EU’s trade agreement with Japan).

  • the text of the origin declaration can be made out in any of the official languages of the EU and can be found in Annex 2 of the Protocol on rules of origin
  • the origin declaration should appear on an invoice or on any commercial document that describes the originating product in sufficient detail to enable its identification
  • the origin declaration remains valid for 12 months from the date it was completed by the exporter
  • normally the statement on origin will be for one consignment, but in Canada it may also cover multiple consignments of identical products during a period not exceeding 1 year
Verification of origin

The customs authorities may verify whether a product imported is indeed originating or fulfills other origin requirements.

In case of doubt, the customs authority may require an importer to demonstrate that a product for which the importer claims preferential tariff treatment was shipped in compliance with the transport rules.

Verification is based on the following principles

  • administrative cooperation between customs authorities of the importing and the exporting country
  • checks on the origin of the products done by local customs. Visits of the importing country to the exporter are not allowed

Once the verification is concluded, the authorities of the importing country make the final determination of origin and inform the authorities of the importing party of the results.

Practical guide on CETA’s provisions on rules of origin

Product requirements

Technical rules define specific characteristics that a product should have, such as design, labelling, marking, packaging, functionality or performance, and are designed for example to protect human health, safety or the environment. However, it can be costly for traders to comply with different requirements in different markets.

EU and Canadian technical rules and regulations have been made more compatible, so that businesses can sell the same product, or the same product with fewer modifications, into both markets. This allows small companies, in particular micro-enterprises, to compete with larger companies and to participate in international supply chains and e-commerce.

CETA also has provisions to ensure transparency - for instance, that interested persons on either side can comment on proposed technical regulations that Canada or the EU may develop).

Furthermore, the EU and Canada have agreed to strengthen the links and cooperation between their standards-setting bodies as well as their testing, certification and accreditation organisations.

Facilitating certification for regulated products

The EU and Canada have agreed to strengthen the links and cooperation between their standards-setting bodies as well as their testing, certification and accreditation organisations.

CETA sets out provisions that help to avoid unnecessary disruptions and ensure transparency (for instance, that interested persons on either side can comment on proposed technical regulations that Canada or the EU may develop).

Conformity assessment – mutual acceptance

Canada and the EU have agreed to accept mandatory conformity assessment certificates issued by recognised conformity assessment bodies (CABs) located in the EU, and vice versa for the sectors covered by the CETA Protocol, to prove compliance with Canadian or EU requirements.

The Protocol on the mutual acceptance of the results of conformity assessment, replaces the existing mutual recognition agreement (MRA) and extends the product coverage, with a possibility for further expansion.

The products covered by the protocol are

  • electrical and electronic equipment, including electrical installations and appliances, and related components
  • radio and telecommunications terminal equipment
  • electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
  • toys
  • construction products
  • machinery, including parts, components, including safety components, interchangeable equipment, and assemblies of machines
  • measuring instruments
  • hot-water boilers, including related appliances
  • equipment, machines, apparatus, devices, control components, protection systems, safety devices, controlling devices and regulating devices, and related instrumentation and prevention and detection systems for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX equipment)
  • equipment for use outdoors as it relates to noise emission in the environment
  • recreational craft, including their components

How to find the approved CABs?

  • bodies recognised under the existing MRA will continue to be so under CETA
  • for a new conformity assessment body to be recognised, the designating party must provide the other side the information listed in Annex 3 to the protocol

NANDO Database contains Notified and Designated Organisations and other relevant information on Conformity assessment.

Approved CABs

Food products

CETA further streamlines approval processes, reduces costs and improves the predictability of trade in animal and plant products

  • all products imported into the EU need to comply with applicable sanitary and phytosanitary standards, and vice versa
  • find information and requirements for export of food products to Canada
  • requirements for import of food products into the EU

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) sets the policies and regulations for imports of food, agricultural inputs and agricultural products.

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) is responsible for the initial import inspection of food, agricultural inputs and agricultural products.

Examples of labeling requirements for food products in Canada

  • linguistic requirements
  • common name
  • net quantity
  • ingredients and allergens
  • nutrition facts table
  • dealer identity 
  • 'Best Before', 'Packaged on' and expiry dates
  • storage instructions
  • country of origin
  • standard of identity

Find more labeling requirements on the Industry Labelling Tool of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

This is a list of regulations that you may find useful when exporting your food products to Canada

Animals and animal products

CETA confirms the existing EU-Canada collaboration in the veterinary field based on a high level of mutual trust, and it includes a further simplification of the approval process for exporters.

  • Canada re-opened its beef market for nineteen EU Member States
  • in event of a disease outbreak (so-called regionalisation), the parties have agreed to minimise trade restrictions and trade from unaffected areas can continue without interruption or lengthy reapproval processes

Requirements for animals and animal products exports to Canada

Plant, fruits and vegetables

CETA sets up new procedures to simplify and accelerate the approval process for plants, fruit and vegetables by Canada.

CETA allows Canada to replace the current country-by-country and product-by-product approach by EU-wide assessments and approval procedures for fruit and vegetables.

The aim is to create a more predictable regulatory environment for exporters.

For all product categories, the parties agreed to establish fast-track procedures for items identified as priorities.

Information and requirements on Plant and Plant Product Exports to Canada


CETA builds on the mutual recognition of good manufacturing practices and inspections of pharmaceutical factories already in place between the EU and Canada, and reduces duplicate inspections.

This means that as a pharmaceutical manufacturer you will be facing significantly smaller administrative burdens and costs and EU and Canadian regulators can make better use of their resources by reducing duplicate inspections, and instead focusing on markets where there are higher risks. Concretely

  • inspections carried out in EU territory by any EU Member State authority are accepted by Canada and vice versa
  • inspections carried out in third countries can also be recognised


In today's global economy, 40% of finished medicines marketed in the EU come from overseas, and so do 80% of active pharmaceutical ingredients used to make medicines available in the EU.

More information: Protocol on the mutual recognition of the compliance and enforcement programme regarding good manufacturing practices for pharmaceutical products.           


Find the specific rules and requirements for your product in My Trade Assistant.

Technical Barriers to Trade

Although technical rules are important, they can at times act as a barrier to international trade and can thus be a considerable burden for you as an exporter.

  • if you think you are facing a trade barrier that slows your business down or prevents you from exporting, you can tell us
  • report what is stopping your exports to Canada using the online form and the EU will analyse your situation and take appropriate action.

Contact us

Customs clearance documents and procedures

The agreement ensures more transparent and simplified customs procedures to facilitate trade and reduce costs for businesses.


The Step by step guides describe the different types of documents you should prepare for the customs clearance of your products.

Depending on your product, the customs authorities may require all or some of the elements below

  • commercial invoice (find the specific requirements regarding its form and content in My Trade Assistant)
  • packing list
  • import licences for certain goods
  • certificates showing your product complies with mandatory product regulations, such as health and safety requirements, labeling and packaging
  • proof of origin - origin declaration

For more certainty, you may wish to apply for Binding Tariff Information, and/or Binding Origin Information in advance.


For detailed information about the documents you need to present for customs clearance for your product, go to My Trade Assistant.

Procedures for proving and verification of origin

For a description of how to prove the origin of your products to claim a preferential tariff and of the rules relating to the verification of origin by customs authorities, please refer to the section on rules of origin above.

For information on customs procedure for import and export in general visit DG Taxation and Customs Union.

Intellectual Property and Geographical Indications

CETA offers better intellectual property rights protection for European companies exporting innovative, artistic, distinct and high-quality products to Canada and offers protection for pharmaceutical products and geographical indications.

Canada has strengthened its border measures against counterfeited trademarks, pirated copyright goods and counterfeit geographical indication goods, by introducing a possibility for customs to detain suspected fake goods.

Intellectual property

The trade agreement also foresees modern rules to protect and enforce intellectual property rights.

Copyright in the digital age

With CETA, Canada has agreed to align its copyright protection regime with the following World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) ‘internet treaties’

  • the WIPO Copyright Treaty
  • the WIPO Performances and Phonogram Treaty

The internet treaties lay down norms preventing unauthorised access to and use of creative works online or in digital form that are important for our of our creative industries.

The agreement contains important provisions regarding limitations to the liability of internet service providers for infringing content, when they comply with a number of conditions, such as a system of effective notification of such content.

Canada has also agreed to ensure that rights holders can effectively use technology to protect their rights and to license their works online

  • for example, protection and effective remedies are provided against the circumvention of technological measures (such as encryption) used by rights holders to protect their rights
  • furthermore, it is prohibited to deliberately alter or delete electronic ‘rights management information’ — that is, information accompanying any protected material, and identifying the work, its creators, performer or owner, and the terms and conditions for its use
Broadcasting rights

Canada also agreed to better protect European artists’ rights by giving performers the exclusive right to authorise or prohibit the broadcasting by wireless means and the communication to the public of their performances.

These rights will ensure that artists, both European and Canadian, are rewarded for their creativity and have the incentives to continue to create new artistic works

  • European artists can obtain royalties from, for example, café and retail establishments that play music to attract consumers
  • Canada will ensure that a single equitable remuneration will be paid for broadcasting by wireless means or for any communication to the public, and this remuneration will be shared between the relevant performers and phonogram producers
Plant variety protection

Canada also agreed to strengthen the protection of plant varieties on the basis of the 1991 Act of the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV).

This means that innovative plant varieties that can lead, for example, to better yields, will be protected and are therefore likely to be introduced more quickly onto the Canadian market to the benefit of farmers and consumers.

The EU is a major provider of new plant varieties. This important research and innovation activity is protected by a sui generis type of intellectual property called the Community plant variety right. This is not related to the use of genetically modified organisms.

Action against counterfeits

Canada also agreed to strengthen its border measures against counterfeited trademarks, pirated copyright goods and counterfeit geographical indication goods, namely by introducing a possibility for customs to detain fake goods ex officio

  • Canada’s competent authorities may act on their own initiative to temporarily detain goods suspected of infringing an intellectual property right
  • brands do not have to be individually registered with Canadian customs to benefit from protection

Canada will adopt or maintain procedures under which a rights holder may request its competent authorities to suspend the release of, or detain, goods suspected of infringing an intellectual property right.

Canada has also introduced the possibility for judicial authorities to take necessary provisional measures and to issue cease and desist orders directly against intermediaries that would bring counterfeit goods into the market.


CETA improves intellectual property rights for innovative pharmaceuticals in three ways

  • innovators holding a pharmaceutical patent obtain the right to appeal marketing authorisation decisions in Canada in the same manner as other producers already could
  • Canada commits to its current regime of data protection (6 + 2 years), thus providing legal certainty in an area where long-term investments are essential
  • Canada will put in place a patent term restoration system along the lines of the EU system to compensate for unjustified delays in the marketing approval process, including a maximum period of supplementary protection (2 years) - the parties agreed on the possibility for exceptions for the purpose of export to third countries

Find more information about IP protection in the EU.


The European IPR Helpdesk offers a Helpline service for direct support on intellectual property. For advice and support on IPR issues beyond the EU market.

Geographical indications

Geographical indications of wines and spirits protected in Canada and the EU are listed respectively in Annex III(a) and Annex IV(a) of the 2004 agreement on trade in wines and spirit drinks.

In addition to the Geographical Indications (GI) protected under the EU and Canada Wines and Spirits agreement integrated in CETA, Canada has agreed to protect 143 geographical indications - distinctive food and drink products from specific towns or regions in the EU.

Canada will protect these traditional European products from imitations in much the same way as the EU does. It will be illegal to mislead consumers about the true origin of a product, for example by using flags falsely evoking a protected EU GI or the country where that GI product comes from. EU rights holders will be able to use an administrative process to uphold GIs rights in Canada, rather than rely only on lengthier and more complex proceedings in the domestic court system.

List of geographical indications protected in Canada

The list may be extended to other products in future if the EU and Canada agree.

More information about the protection of GIs in Canada thanks to CETA can be found in this practical guide.

With regard to the GIs listed under the 2004 agreement on trade in wines and spirit drinks, in order to be protected in Canada, the right holders of these GIs, need to register their GIs with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.

The procedure to register is explained here.

Electronic Commerce

The chapter on electronic commerce mentions in the general provisions that the Parties recognise the importance of facilitating the use of electronic commerce by SMEs.


CETA ensures legal certainty for EU and Canadian services suppliers by binding a high level of liberalisation in Canada and the EU.

The EU gains greater access to the Canadian market in particular for maritime services.

Progressive liberalisation and transparency

Canada cannot introduce new quotas or new discriminatory measures against EU service suppliers, except in a limited set of sensitive sectors. The agreement also guarantees EU service providers can benefit from

  • a higher level of market access going beyond Canada's WTO commitments
  • most future liberalisation that Canada may undertake

Canada has removed a number of limitations on citizenship and residency conditions for a range of professionals to practice in Canada, including

  • lawyers
  • accountants
  • architects
  • engineers

In telecommunications and postal and courier services, Canada has locked in future liberalisation for the first time.

Maritime services

A new opening of the Canadian maritime transport market will make it easier for EU maritime operators and their larger vessels to operate in Canada for feedering on the important route between Montreal and Halifax.

Both ports are significant on the Canadian east coast. Montreal is a large port handling 1.4 million standard containers (total of import and export containers in 2015) whereas Halifax handles 0.4 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) (2015).

The EU is by far the world leader in dredging services. With CETA, Canada is also opening up its market in dredging activities to EU operators, a market which is estimated to be worth between CAD 150 million - 400 million per year (approx. €104 million - 278 million per year).

Regulatory disciplines

In addition to the ambitious market access commitments undertaken, CETA also includes innovative and strong regulatory disciplines that complement and enhance the market access commitments undertaken by the two parties.

These regulatory disciplines include one of the most extensive and comprehensive sets of mutually binding disciplines on domestic regulation, dealing with licensing or authorisation regimes for nearly all services and investment activities. The text ensures fair and transparent regimes for all applicants and makes the authorisation process as smooth as possible.

Movement of professionals

The agreed package on temporary entry of professionals includes the following benefits

  • EU companies can post their intra-corporate transferees to Canada for up to 3 years - building on previous agreements, this benefit applies generally to all sectors
  • an extended duration of stay for professionals - contractual service suppliers or independent professionals (defined in the agreement) will be able to stay in the other party’s territory for a period of 12 months (double what was previously possible)

Contractual service suppliers benefit from better entry and stay conditions (such as non-discriminatory treatment with respect to Canadian suppliers) in additional sectors. These include

  1. Advisory and consultancy services related to
    • mining
    • telecommunication services
    • postal and courier services
    • insurance and insurance-related services
    • other financial services
    • transport
    • manufacturing
  2. Maintenance and repair of equipment, such as
    • vessels, rail transport equipment
    • motor vehicles, motorcycles, snowmobiles and road transport equipment
    • aircraft and parts thereof
    • metal products, non-office machinery, and other types of equipment and household goods
  3. Related scientific and technical consulting services
  4. Environmental services

New profiles: the preferential access to Canada’s market and the non-discriminatory treatment in Canada will also apply to new categories of EU suppliers, as defined in the agreement: investors, short-term business visitors and technologists.

Canada will extend to spouses of EU intra-corporate transferees a treatment equivalent to that granted to spouses of Canadian intra-corporate transferees in the EU.

Mutual recognition of qualifications

To facilitate the mobility of highly skilled professionals between the EU and Canada, CETA establishes a framework for mutual recognition of professional qualifications and determines the general conditions and guidelines for the negotiation of profession-specific agreements.

CETA provides a detailed framework for the negotiation and conclusion of Agreements on mutual recognition of professional qualifications (MRAs).

The agreement leaves it up to the associations of regulated professions of both parties to initiate the process of negotiating an MRA, by providing recommendations to the relevant CETA committee, and to agree on the specific conditions. Once the associations agree on the principles and following the procedures set out in the framework, the MRA becomes legally binding, ensuring that European professionals can have their qualifications recognised by the competent authorities in Canada and vice versa.

Public Procurement

With CETA, EU companies can now bid for Canadian government tenders at all three levels of Government procurement: federal, provincial and municipal.

In Canada, Provinces and territories have jurisdiction over public goods such as

  • health care
  • education
  • welfare
  • intra-provincial transportation.

Municipalities manage

  • local transportation
  • school boards
  • public utilities, etc.

The procuring entities covered by CETA can be found in annexes 19-1 to 19-8

CETA also brings legal certainty that Canadian public agencies and bodies will not be able to discriminate against European companies – i.e. to restrict the companies’ access to a public tender.

Suppliers can challenge procurement decisions that they believe run contrary to the obligations of the Agreement. In Canada, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (“CITT”) performs this role.

Canada has made the tendering process more transparent by publishing all of its public tenders on a single procurement website called CanadaBuys. Please note that you need to register on this page to be able to tender on the Canadian market.


To find out if you are entitled to participate in a given government procurement tender outside the EU use the My Trade Assistant for Procurement


Once CETA enters into force definitively, it will offer EU and Canadian investors greater predictability, transparency and protection for their investments in Canada and in the EU respectively.

CETA’s provisions on investment protection and the new investment court system (ICS) will ensure a high level of protection for investors, while fully preserving the right of governments to regulate and pursue public policy objectives such as the protection of health, safety or the environment.

The ICS represents a clear break from the old Investor to State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) approach and demonstrates the shared determination of the EU and Canada to establish a fairer, more transparent and institutionalised system for the resolution of investment disputes.

The investment provisions in CETA will also replace the eight existing bilateral investment agreements between certain EU Member States and Canada.

The threshold for the review of acquisitions of Canadian companies under the Investment Canada Act is substantially increased from the current CAD 354 million to CAD 1.5 billion. This applies to all EU investors other than those that are state-owned enterprises.

If you plan on investing in Canada you can find out more here.

NB: Investment protection and the investment court system, as well as portfolio investment market access, will not be provisionally applied in line with Council Decision (EU) 2017/38 of 28 October 2016 on the provisional application of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada, of the one part, and the European Union and its Member States, of the other part (OJ L 11, 14.1.2017, p. 1080—“1081 (

Links and contacts


Delegation of the European Union to Canada


150 Metcalfe Street, Suite 1900, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1

Tel.: +1 6132386464



Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ)


Advantage Austria Toronto

Consulate General of Austria —€ Commercial Section Advantage Austria


30 St Clair Avenue West, Suite 1402, Toronto, Ontario, M4V 3A1

Tel.: +1 4169673348


Tel.: +1 5148493708



Embassy in Ottawa


445 Wilbrod Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6M7

Tel. +1 6137891444, 



Wallonia Foreign Trade and Investment Agency€ 
Agence wallonne à l'Exportation et aux Investissements Etrangers (AWEX)

Bruxelles Invest & Export

Flanders Trade



Trade rep. for Ontario, Manitoba


2 Bloor Street West — Suite 2508, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2

Tel. +1 416515-7777




Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island


999 Boulevard de Maisonneuve West — Suite 1600,Montreal (Québec) H3A 3L4

Tel.: +1 514289-9955



Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island


1250 René-Lévesque West — Suite 4115, Montreal, Québec, H3B 4W8

Tel.: +1 514939-4049


Trade rep. for Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island

Address: 1010 Sherbrooke West — Suite 2404, Montreal, Québec, H3A 2R7

Tel.: +1 514286-1581



Embassy in Ottawa


360 Albert Street, 8th floor, Suite 820, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 7X7

Tel.: +1 6132367267



The Bulgarian Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion Agency
българската агенция за насърчаване малките и средните предприятия


Embassy in Ottawa


325 Stewart Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6K5

Tel.: +1 613893215



Export portal
Izvozni portal


Embassy in Ottawa


229 Chapel St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 7Y6

Tel.: +1 6135627820



Consulate General


918 Dundas Street East, Suite 302, Mississauga, Ontario, L4Y 2B8

Tel.: +1 9052779051



Trade Service
Υπηρεσία Εμπορίου…


High Commission


150 Metcalfe Street, Suite 1002, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1

Tel.: +1 6135630727



Honorary Consulate


435 Donald Street, Coquitlam, British Columbia, V3K 3Z9

Tel.: +1 6049362268



Trade Section


13 East 40th Street, New York, NY 10016

Tel.: +1 2122139100



National Trade Promotion Agency of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic
CzechTrade — Česká agentura na podporu obchodu


CzechTrade Canada


6707 Elbow Drive SW, T2V0E5 Calgary, Alberta, T2H 0S7

Tel.: +1 4032694924


Embassy in Ottawa


251 Cooper Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0G2

Tel. +1 6135623875





Consulate General of the Czech Republic


2 Bloor Street West, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2





Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Udenrigsministeriet Eksportrådet


Trade Council of Denmark


2 Bloor Street West, Suite 2120, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2

Tel.: +1 416962-5661


Embassy in Ottawa


47 Clarence Street, Suite 450, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 9K1

Tel.: +1 6135621811



Enterprise Estonia (EAS)
Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutus(EAS)


Embassy in Ottawa


260 Dalhousie Street, Suite 210, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 7E4

Tel.: +1 6137894222





Embassy in Ottawa


55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 850, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 6L5

Tel.: +1 6132882233




Business France


Trade Representative in Canada: Business France



154 University Avenue Suite 400, Toronto, M5H 3Y9

Tel.: +1 4169771257


Montreal: Bureau Business France,


1501 McGill College, Bureau 1120, Montreal, QC H3A 3M8

Tel.: +1 5146704000




1111 Melville Street, Suite 320 Vancouver, British Columbia V6E 3V6

Tel.: +1 6046390923



Embassy in Ottawa


42 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 2C9

Tel.:+1 6137891795



Germany Trade and Invest (GTAI)


Canadian German Chamber of Commerce


480 University Avenue, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1V2

Tel.: +1 416598-3355



Embassy in Ottawa


1 Waverley Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0T8, Canada

Tel.: +1 613 232 1101



Enterprise Greece Invest and Trade


Embassy in Ottawa


80 MacLaren Street Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0K6

Tel.: +1 6132386271



Consulate General


1075 Bay Street, Suite 600, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2B1

Tel.: +1 4165150133



Hungarian National Trading House

Hungarian Investment Promotion Agency


Consulate General in Toronto


175 Bloor Street East, Suite 1109, South Tower, Toronto

Tel.: +1 6473492550



Embassy in Ottawa


299 Waverley St., Ottawa, K2P 0V9

Tel.: +1 6132307560



Enterprise Ireland


Trade Representative in Canada: Enterprise Ireland


2 Bloor St. W, Suite 1501, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2

Tel.: +1 4169345033




Embassy in Ottawa


Varette Building, 130 Albert St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5G4

Tel.: +1 6132336281



Italian Trade Agency
ICE —Agenzia per la promozione all'estero e l'internazionalizzazione delle imprese italiane


Italian Trade Promotion Agency of the Consulate General of Italy


365 Bloor Street East, Suite 1802, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4


Tel.: +1 4165981566



1000 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Bureau 1720, Montreal, Québec, H3A 3G4

Tel.: +1 5142840265



Embassy in Ottawa


275 Slater St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H9

Tel.: +1 6132322401



Investment and Development Agency of Latvia
Latvijas Investīciju un attīstības aģentūra


Embassy in Ottawa


350 Sparks St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 7S8

Tel.: +1 6132386014



Enterprise Lithuania 


Embassy in Ottawa


150 Metcalfe Str #1600, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1

Tel. +1 61356754 58



Luxembourg for Business


Honorary Consulate in Ottawa


World Exchange Plaza, 45 O’Connor Street, Suite 1150, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 1A4

Tel.: +1 6137554091



Embassy in Washington DC


2200 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC. 20008

Tel. +1 2022654171



Malta Enterprise


In Canada Consulate General in Toronto


3300 Bloor St W, Etobicoke, Ontario, M8X 2X3

Tel.: +1 4162070922



Netherlands Enterprise Agency
Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland

Ondernemersplein — an online portal for foreign and Dutch start-ups


Embassy in Ottawa


350 Albert Street, Suite 2020 Ottawa, Ontario, K1R, 1A4

Tel.: +1 613 237 503



Consulate General in Toronto


1 Dundas Street West, Suite 2106, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1Z3

Tel.: +1 416 595 2402



Polish Investment and Trade Agency (former Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency)
Polska Agencja Inwestycji i Handlu


President’s Secretariat:

Tel.:+48 223349871

Foreign Investment Department:

Tel.:+48 223349875

Department of Economic Development:

Tel.:+48 223349820

Economic Promotion Department:

Tel.:+48 223349926

Information and Communication Department:

Tel.:+48 223349994



Polish Investment and Trade Agency in Toronto


438 University Avenue, Suite 1810, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2K8



Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Ottawa


443 Daly Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6H3

Tel. +1 6137890468



Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in Toronto


2603 Lake Shore Blvd. West, Toronto, Ontario, M8V 1G5

Tel.: +1 4162525471

Tel.: +1 4164645405



Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in Vancouver


1177 West Hastings Street, Suite 1600, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6E 2K3

Tel. +1 6046883458



Consulate of the Republic of Poland in Montreal


3501 Avenue du Musée, Montreal, Québec, QC H3G 2C8

Tel. +1 6137890468 



aicep Portugal Global — Trade and Investment Agency


Trade and Investment Agency: aicep Toronto


438 University Avenue, Suite 1400, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2K8

Tel.: +1 4169214925



Embassy in Ottawa


645 Island Park Dr, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 0B8

Tel.: +1 6137290883



Ministry for Business Environment, Commerce and Entrepreneurship


The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania


Romania’s Economic and Trade Promotion Bureau


1010, rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Bureau 610, étage 6, Montreal, Québec, H3A 2R7

Tel.: +1 5145048235



Embassy in Ottawa


655 Rideau St, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6A3

Tel.: +1 6137893709



Sario — Slovak Investment and Trade Development Agency
Slovenská agentúra pre rozvoj investícií a obchodu


Embassy in Ottawa


50 Rideau Terrace, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 2A2

Tel.: +1 6137494442



SPIRIT Slovenia — Public Agency for Entrepreneurship, Internationalization, Foreign Investments and Technology
SPIRIT Slovenija


Embassy in Ottawa


150 Metcalfe Street Suite 2200, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 1P1

Tel.: +1 6135655781



ICEX — Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade
ICEX España Exportación e Inversiones


Economic and Commercial Office


151 Slater Street, Suite 801, Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H3

Tel.: +1 6132360409



Toronto Trade Promotion Office


170 University Ave #602, Toronto, Ontario, M5H 3B3

Tel.: +1 4169670488


Embassy in Ottawa


74 Stanley Ave, Ottawa, Ontario, K1M 1P4

Tel.: +1 6137472252



Business Sweden — The Swedish Trade and Investment Council


Trade Representative in Canada: Business Sweden


2 Bloor Street West, Suite 2120, Toronto Ontario M4W 3E2

Tel.: +1 4169228152



Embassy in Ottawa


377 Dalhousie Street, Ottawa Ontario, K1N 9N8

Tel.: +1 6132448200


Chambers of commerce and business associations


European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada (EUCCAN)


480 University Avenue, Suite 1500, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1V2

Tel.:  +1 4165987087



European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada West


A list of local and bilateral EU chambers of commerce and business associations in Canada can be found on the website of the European Union Chamber of Commerce in Canada ( EUCCAN is an umbrella organisation for these very diverse structures and organisation.

Information tools

These seven factsheets explain what CETA is and benefits

Find out how to take part in public procurement processes in Canada

Learn more about the business opportunities offered by the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement

Further links

Brochure for businesses – describes benefits, chapter by chapter, and gives practical tips for businesses

Infographics illustrate the benefits of CETA per EU member state

Step-by-step guide for exporters to Canada

Company stories and testimonials

SMEs recommendation

In September 2018, the CETA Joint Committee agreed a specific SMEs recommendation that each Party provides online information to SMEs of the other Party about CETA and that the EU and Canada work together so that the trade agreement benefits SMEs.

Canadian website to support EU SMEs exporting to Canada

EU website for SMEs from Canada

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